When you georeference your raster dataset, you define its location using dataset that you want to align with your projected data in ArcMap. The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Add the raster dataset that aligns with the projected data. – Add control points that link known raster. This tutorial will explain how to georeference a raster image in ArcGIS so it can then be used as an overlay or for digitizing purposes. In this example, a historic.

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How can we improve? Toggle the visibility of georeferencing layer on and off.

How To: Georeference an image to align with other data

Then that point is used with the inverse transformation and mapped back to image space. However, transformations higher than third order are rarely needed.

From the Georeferencing toolbar, click the Layer drop-down arrow and choose the raster layer you want to georeference. When you georeference your raster data, you define georeferebce location using map coordinates and assign the coordinate system of the map frame. When working with two raster datasets, open the Effects toolbar and adjust the transparency or turn layers on and off in the table of contents to view each image as links are added.

Georeferencing a raster to a vector—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

Georeference an image to align with other data Summary Instructions provided describe how to georeference raster data to align correctly with other data. The Georeferencing toolbar is used to georeference raster and CAD data. Add georeferenxe control point to a place that will be easy to find georefwrence the reference layer, such as a road intersection, bend in a river, administrative boundary, etc. This is commonly used when your data is already georeferenced, but a small shift will better line up your data.


Georeferencing a raster to a vector

While you are georeferencing, there are several keyboard shortcuts available to help you perform your task easily and quickly. Is This Content Helpful?

Transforming the raster When you’ve created enough control points, georecerence can transform the raster dataset to the map coordinates of the target data. This drop-down menu allows you to choose a valid transformation. It may be useful to use a Magnification window to add in the links. Add the raster dataset that you want to align with your projected data. Check this box to show the residuals and Georeferehce error in the link table.

ArcGIS Desktop Help – Georeferencing a raster dataset

It is built on an algorithm that combines a polynomial transformation and triangulated irregular network TIN interpolation techniques. The Image Viewer window can be accessed by clicking on the Viewer button.

If you navigate the data view, the Image Viewer will show the same extent. The adjust transformation optimizes for both global LSF and local accuracy. The RMS error tends to be higher than other polynomial transformations since the preservation of shape is more important than the best fit.


Disable vector snapping while pressed down. All residuals closer to zero are geireference more accurate. Add as many control as needed until the data is aligned correctly.

Saves a georeferencing link file. The similarity transformation is a first order transformation which tries to arcmqp the shape of the original raster. Although the RMS error is a good assessment of the transformation’s accuracy, don’t confuse a low RMS error with an accurate registration.

See Georeferencing a raster automatically for steps to perform autoregistration. In general, there are four steps to georeference your data: The spline transformation is a true rubber sheeting method and optimizes for local accuracy but not global accuracy. You can also store the transformation information in the auxiliary files using the Save command on georeferenve Georeference tab.

Link the data view extent with the Image Viewer extent. If you want to zoom in farther, you can click this tool multiple times. Check this box to show the forward-inverse residuals and RMS error in the link table.

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