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Medicinal plants used as immunostimulants were classified into two categories: Table of Contents Alerts.
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Medicinal Plants from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Used oaxaquuea Immunostimulants We documented plant species belonging to 55 families that have been used as immunostimulants.
Immunodeficiency occurs when there is a loss in the number or function of the immune cells, which might lead to infections and diseases such as cancer [ 1112 ].
Universidad de Guadalajara; This review clearly indicates the need to perform scientific studies with medicinal flora from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, to obtain new immunostimulatory agents. Eight percent of medicinal plants listed in this review are classified as endangered. Proliferation of human primary lymphocytes 0.
In vivo studies mainly consist in the induction of an immunosuppressed state in the oaxaqueq by using hrebolaria chemical agents such as 5-fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, and methotrexate or b biological agents such as tumorigenic cells. Induction of phagocytosis of Candida albicans 2. Plantas Medicinales de Puerto Rico: Llanes-Coronel, Actividad inmunomoduladora de 10 plantas de la familia Euphorbiaceae [M.
A Source of Complementary TherapeuticsD. The isolation and elucidation of the structure of bioactive principles should also be encouraged. Immunologic aspects of cancer chemotherapy.
Human monocyte-mediated tumor cytotoxicity. Antioxidant activities and contents of flavonoids and phenolic acids of Talinum triangulare extracts and their immunomodulatory effects.
Demonstration of an oxygen-dependent myeloperoxidase-independent mechanism. The demand for medicinal plants used as immunostimulants clearly indicates that these plant species are a current topic of interest. View at Google Scholar Z. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. The immunostimulatory activity of plant extracts or compounds in combination with a known immunostimulant agent such as lipopolysaccharide, CD3 was omitted in this review. Murine primary saluc proliferation 2.
Biochemical and Biophysical Herbolqria Communications. This review provides ethnomedicinal, phytochemical, and pharmacological information about plants and their active compounds used as immunostimulants in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.
This information will be useful for developing preclinical and clinical studies with the plants cited in this review. In many studies, a single immunostimulant test is used e. Medicinal Plants Hfrbolaria as Immunostimulants without Pharmacological Studies We documented 75 medicinal plants used as immunostimulants that lack pharmacological studies Table 6.
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Flora Medicinal Indigena de Mexico. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology. In the order of most endangered, Juglans jamaicensisCedrela odorataand Lophophora williamsii are cataloged as vulnerable, whereas Taxodium mucronatumRhizophora mangleEysenhardtia polystachyaCordia alliodoraand Hymenaea courbaril are cataloged as of least concern [ 99 ]. Immunomodulatory activity of Mollugo verticillata L. Cytotoxic effect of the ethanolic extract of Lophocereus schottii: Advances in Cancer Research.
Asteraceae induces immunostimulatory effects in vitro and in vivo. Wp H 2 O Proliferation of murine primary lymphocytes 1. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. Therefore, the discovery of agents which enhance the immune system represents an attractive alternative to the inhibition of tumor growth and the prevention and treatment of some infections. Solvent used for the extract: Furthermore, 8 plant species from 8 botanical families were assessed using in vivo assays Table 3.
Medicinal Plants from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Used as Immunostimulants
Efecto protector de Petiveria alliacea L. In vivo immunostimulatory effects of plant compounds. Medicinal Plants from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Used as Immunostimulants We documented plant species belonging to 55 families that have been used as immunostimulants.
Maturin acetate from Psacalium peltatum Kunth Cass. Asteraceae 11 plant speciesFabaceae 8 plant speciesand Euphorbiaceae 7 plant species are the plant families most often used as immunostimulants, including plants with and without pharmacological studies Tables 1 and 6.
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. The molecular oaxqquea by szlud this plant and the compounds exert their immunostimulatory effects should also be assessed. Monografias de plantas utilizadas como anticancerigenas en la medicina tradicional Hidalguense [Ph. Plants from the Smilax genus S. Latex — 25 Proliferation of human primary lymphocytes 1. View at Google Scholar F. There is null or limited information regarding the trade of medicinal plants used as immunostimulants.
The molecular mechanism by which this plant and the compounds exert their immunostimulatory effects should also be assessed.